Materials & Process

I quite often get questions about what specific materials I use to create my oil paintings so I have compiled a list with links to all of the most important things I use below ↓


I prefer to paint on both Ampersand Gessobord and Frederix Knickerbocker Canvas paired with Blick Standard Stretcher Bars.  I love both of these surfaces as they have a super fine texture with a nice tooth which works well with my style of painting.

Ampersand Gessobord

Frederix Knickerbocker Canvas

Blick Standard Stretcher Bars


I use a 50/50 mixture of Liquitex White Gesso and Grey Gesso.  I also add a small amount of Sennelier Burnt Umber Dry Pigment to warm up the mixture.  I prefer to paint with this base over painting directly on white canvas as it makes it easier to get my values correct.

Sennelier Burnt Umber Pigment


I like to use a white graphite CarbOthello Pencil from Stabilo to get in my sketch.  I then use a natural, non-toxic fixative by SpectraFix to set my sketch.

Stabilo CarbOthello Pencil

SpectraFix Fixative

Oil Paints

My go-to paints for over 20 years have been Winsor & Newton Artists’ Oil Paints. I paint alla-prima; a method of painting in which pigments are laid on in a single application. I usually always have the following colors on my palette: Cerulean Blue, Permanent Green Light, Winsor Yellow, Winsor Orange, Alizarin Crimson, Dioxazine Purple, Burnt Umber, Yellow Ochre, Ivory Black and Titanium White.

Winsor & Newton Artists' Oil Paints


I use a small amount of Winsor & Newton Safflower Oil to oil out my canvas before painting.  I clean my brushes with non-toxic Weber Turpenoid Natural.  I like to make sure all of the materials I utilize are non-toxic.

Winsor & Newton Safflower Oil

Weber Terpenoid Natural


The most important brushes that I use are the Winsor & Newton University Round Brushes and Silver Ruby Satin Round Brushes with short handles.  These brushes are great for getting in those tiny details and they have the perfect snap to them. My favorite blending brush is the Princeton Velvetouch 1/4" Mop brush. For all other parts of the painting I use a smattering of random brushes. 

Silver Ruby Satin Brushes

Winsor & Newton University Brushes

Princeton Velvetouch 1/4" Oval Mop Brush


When the oil painting is finally dry I finish it with Gamblin Gamvar Gloss varnish to protect it for years of enjoyment.

Gamvar Gloss Varnish

Other Tools

I use both the U.S. Art Supply H-Frame Tabletop Easel and Meeden Versatile Studio H-Frame Easel. Both of these easels are highly customizable for the height and angle that you prefer to work at. My preferred artwork illumination is a Full Spectrum Floor Lamp. This provides the closest light to natural light and really helps me mix my colors properly. The adjustable neck also is great for getting the proper angle of light. I also enjoy using a Glass Palette vs an acrylic palette as it is so easy to clean up when you're done painting. The tempered glass is super durable and available in clear, grey and white.

New Wave Glass Palette

Full Spectrum Lighting

U.S. Art Supply Tabletop H-Frame Easel

Meeden Versatile Studio H-Frame Easel